The future of fish farming was discussed at Põlula 13.10
The first half of the conference was dedicated to remembering the establishment
and construction of the Põlula Fish Farm and to acknowledging the work done
over the last 20 years. Several speakers emphasised the fruitful co-operation
of the fish farm with scientific and educational establishments and other
interested parties. Assessing the work done so far, Martin Kesler, head of the
working team for salmon and trout at the Estonian Marine Institute, University
of Tartu, said that as a result of the populating, the number of young salmon
has increased in most rivers where salmon live and the number will continue to
increase in the future as living conditions improve. “If this tendency continues,
the populating volumes for the rivers of the Gulf of Finland may be decreased,
while the populating volumes for the Pärnu River may be increased,” Kesler
In the second half of the day, the renewing of Estonia’s restorative fish farming was discussed. The main tone of the presentations by the scientists was that fish farming should be seen in a wider context together with the possibility of restoring the spawning and living habitats and the opening of migration paths. When speaking of the new fisheries programme, it was seen as important to continue the restorative fish farming of salmon, whitefish, perch pike, pike, asp, sturgeon and crawfish. “To get the desired results with populating, the principles of preserving genetic diversity should definitely be adhered to,” stressed Riho Gross, professor at the Estonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, who also gave a presentation on that topic. All of the conference presentations are available here.
According to Kaire Märtin, Head of the Department of Fisheries at the Ministry of the Environment, the draft programme is planned to be prepared by the end of the year and discussions regarding it are continuing.
The Põlula Fish Farm has been a part of RMK since the beginning of this year. RMK is the keeper, protector and manager of the forest and other natural biotic communities belonging to the Republic of Estonia. RMK earns a profit for the state through forest management, growing reforestation material, and organising forest and nature protection works. In addition, RMK establishes opportunities for nature walking and shapes nature awareness. In addition to Põlula Fish Farm, RMK consists of the Sagadi Forest Centre, the Elistvere Animal Park, the Tartu Tree Nursery and 70% of the Estonian-Finnish joint company AS Eesti Metsataim. More than 700 people work for RMK.